What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin condition in which white patches develop due to the damage of melanocytes (cells that produce dark pigment called melanin, responsible for the coloration of skin and hair and also for protecting you from harmful UV rays). Your skin color is not based on the number of melanocytes you are born with, but how active they are in producing melanin. In general, if melanin production is more in a person, the skin color of that individual tends to be dark and if the melanin production is comparatively less, the result will be white or light skinned.

What Causes Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease, a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the healthy cells in your body. Though the exact cause of this condition remains to be still unknown, it is often linked to factors such as stress, anemia, auto immune disorders, thyroid problems, exposure to certain chemicals and viral or neural causes. In the United States, approximately 1 to 2 million people is found to suffer from this serious skin disorder. Though Vitiligo can start at any age, it usually affects people prior to age 40, and in some cases, before age 20. This disorder may also be hereditary, i.e., it might be run in families.

Symptoms

This dreadful skin condition can affect any part of your body, but most commonly it affects areas that are prone to sun exposure. Later it may also spread to other parts of your body. It can also lead to loss of color in eyes, nose and mouth. The extent to which Vitiligo affects the skin varies from person to person. For certain people, some white patches may appear but with little or no progression. Whereas for others, their condition may be more severe with white spots appearing across large areas of their body.

Vitiligo normally appears in one of three patterns below –

  1. Focal pattern – appearance of white patches on one or few areas of the body.
  2. Segmental pattern – white patches on one side of the body.
  3. Generalized pattern – white patches on both sides of the body. This pattern is said to be the most common among Vitiligo sufferers.

Though there is no 100% effective and complete vitiligo cure till this date, if treated at the initial stages, the progression of this skin condition can be controlled to a great extend. Hence, it’s very important that you identify the early symptoms of this disease and consult a licensed medical practitioner at the earliest possible.

Treatment Options

With the advancement in medicine and technology, choosing a vitiligo treatment is not limited to a single option.

Various effective treatments include:

  1. Steroid creams – Application of topical steroids will help restore your natural skin color and will also prevent further spreading or progression of patches onto other areas of the skin.
  2. Skin Camouflage- Application of cosmetic colored creams will help cover up the white skin spots by blending them with the rest of your skin. However, this exact treatment for vitiligo is actually found to only be effective for individuals who are suffering from mild cases of Vitiligo.
  3. Medicines taken orally.
  4. Permanent depigmentation- Fading the skin color of other areas so that it matches with the areas where you have developed white skin spots.
  5. Combination treatments that includes medicine and PUVA phototherapy treatment.
  6. Narrowband UVB Phototherapy – This treatment is found to be the most effective and successful of all the treatments for this dermatological disorder. According to medical experts, the success rate of this treatment is quite high and patients who undergo this treatment can achieve more than 90 % of re-pigmentation within a year.
  7. Surgical treatments like skin grafting and tattooing may also be considered.

However, it’s imperative that you seek medical help at the earliest. The doctor will evaluate your condition and will then decide on a treatment that would work out best for you. Moreover, remember that Vitiligo is a non-contagious and non-fatal disease. It’s like any other medical disorders and there is nothing to be ashamed of. Try to look for a natural treatment for vitiligo before turning to medical options. Staying positive will also speed up your recovery!

Sources:


Hidradenitis Suppurativa Treatments

Hidradenitis Suppurativa is classified by the American Academy of Dermatology as a skin disorder, though many people with the disease are too embarrassed to even approach their doctors about treatment until it becomes unbearably painful. Don’t let it get so bad that you can’t stand the pain. Below are some treatment options to help alleviate the symptoms, but the first step is always to talk to your doctor.

Hidradenitis suppurativa treatments are available and varied, though there is no official treatment approved by the FDA (1). Currently, there are three schools of thought on treatment that I will explore in this article.

Treatment at Home

There are a number of treatments I learned from Tip Top Treatments, though I use the term loosely, that you can try to lessen the symptoms, though these are not generally going to match the effectiveness of hidradenitis suppurativa treatment available through a visit to a dermatologist. These include ones that are general knowledge, such as paying attention to your hygiene and wearing loose clothing to some that are a little more out there, such as:

  • Turmeric. Yes, the spice. Taking one teaspoon in the morning and one at night mixed in warm water has been shown to help with symptoms in some people.
  • Fish oils or Omega 3 oils.
  • Apple cider vinegar and baking soda, though there is no information on whether you’re supposed to drink it, apply it or bathe in it.
  • Aloe Vera, mostly because of its antibacterial nature. It’s been used for years as a treatment for burns and other shallow skin wounds, to encourage healing.
  • Antibacterial soaps and over the counter antibacterial ointments are useful for preventing secondary infection in open wounds.

These may abate some of your symptoms temporarily, though they may not offer permanent relief.

Treatment by Dermatologist

Most dermatologists treat this condition as a skin disorder, caused by bacteria and infection in hair follicles. Treatments generally include:

  • Antibiotics, both in pill form and in ointments to be applied directly to the affected area.
  • Corticosteroid injections directly into the affected area. This can sometimes reduce pain and swelling, though it is a temporary measure.
  • Corticosteroid pills, such as prednisone.
  • Zinc Supplements (2). Studies have shown that it can refuse swelling and also reduce the frequency of new breakouts.
  • Weight loss. While it sounds like it doesn’t fit in with the rest of these treatment options, some people have found that they can reduce their breakouts simply by maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Biologics, such as adalimumab.(3) While these are only used in the treatment of severe cases, there are an increasing number of studies showing the effectiveness of this treatment, especially in the long term.
  • Surgical options. These can include incising and draining lesions and boils, removing the tissue over the interconnecting tunnels that can form under the skin, or even excising all of the infected skin and tissue. The latter, depending on the size of the area excised, can require skin grafts to cover exposed tissue. This is something that you would have to discuss with your doctor.

This is by no means an all inclusive list of treatments currently used by dermotologists.

Treatment by Lifestyle or Diet Change

The second school of thought on the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa is that it is not a skin disorder, as currently diagnosed, but instead an autoimmune disorder, similar to celiac disease and other gluten intolerances. There are a growing number of testimonials on the Internet of people claiming to have forced their outbreaks into remission. Their treatment options, while varied, are generally very simple.

  • Eat a gluten free diet. This may require some research on your part, to determine everything this entails.
  • If you want to take it a step further, try a Paleo or Primal Diet. These are very similar to the gluten free diets, in that they eliminate processed foods and gluten rich foods, but they go the extra step of eliminating legumes and dairy, among other food categories.
  • Follow the Autoimmune Protocol Diet. (4) At its most basic, this is simply a process of elimination, taken over a series of weeks, which allows you to determine what foods, if any, are causing your breakouts.

As with any medical treatment, always consult your family physician before beginning. While there is no definite hidradenitis suppurativa cure, there are treatments that can help mitigate the symptoms. There is also support out there, if you feel like you’re alone in this. Forums and support groups exist; you just have to know where to look.


A New Trend of Silver Rings For Women

Woman Wearing Silver RingsThe new trend in the world of jewellery is the glittering silver ring. This ring is common among the modern women. Personally I prefer silver over gold since it is luxurious yet not as expensive as gold. The ring can also rhyme with any outfit worn by any women and cannot be outdated even in the coming years. My choice for the ring is silver as a result of its reasonable price.

Silver rings for women have also attained trust among lovers since it is used for engagement as well as wedding purposes. This is because the ring can be designed in traditional or moderns makes hence making it the most suitable ring for maintaining elegance among women.

Silver Ring Types

Regardless of the fair prices that come with this elegant ring, I have come to like this ring as a result of its unique adaptability to a wide variety of outfits. Silver has been used to make jewellery since early 1800 BC hence various varieties have been developed from the metal. The various types of silver rings include:

Sterling Silver

Sterling silver is composed of 90 and above percentage of silver and the remaining composition is copper with the main composition being 92 to 8 %. These types of silver are found mainly in jewellery shops across the world. The main types of sterling silver ring jewels are:

  • Amber Sterling silver: this type of sterling silver is mainly associated with romance since it is used by lovers to symbolize how much they love each other. Traditionally, amber sterling silver was used by royal families when making marriage proposals. The modern women are also intrigued by the elegance of this ring. This attributes to the increased demand of the amber sterling silver for wedding currently. The modern man is also taking advantage of this elegant ring to impress their loved ones. It is approximated that this type of silver makes the highest sales during the month of February (month of love). So if you want to ins till some beautiful memories into your love life, go for amber sterling silver.
  • Turquoise Sterling Silver: this is an inexpensive, luxurious and elegant ring used mainly as a special present for loved ones. This ring is mainly made from a mix of turquoise stone and silver. Turquoise silver was believed to have some medical value in it hence it is quite common among the modern women since it provides other benefits apart from the elegance in it.
  • Georgian Sterling silver: this is the most famous ring ever known in the universe. These types of rings are hard to find nowadays since they were use by Queen Victoria hence they are associated with royalty. The ring is made of pure antique silver making it among some of the most expensive rings in the modern world.

Advantages of Using Silver

  • Silver is durable as compared to other types like gold which needs some additives to keep it in form.
  • Silver can match with any type of outfit.
  • Silver is inexpensive yet glamorous.